Every mosque consists of a prayer hall in which there is a ‘minbar’ or pulpit and a ‘mihrab’, a decorative niche marking the direction of prayers. The direction of ‘qiblah’ is fundamental to the way the mosque is orientated and how its interior is designed. Its interior at times is enhanced with simple yet complex and detailed Arabic calligraphy of Quranic verses with colourful and precious stones showcasing the beauty of Islam and its Holiest Book, the Quran. Example of such fine art can be found at the Holy Mosque of Makkah (also known as the ‘House of Allah’) and the Medina Mosque. Most of the ‘masajid’ (a plural term used for mosques) also have a towering minarat from which the sound of ‘azzan’ or call for prayers may be sounded five times a day. The place of ablution is usually located outside the mosque in an open courtyard.
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: The Prophet said, “The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to perform Tayammum, therefore anyone of my followers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.331). This indicates that Allah (s.w.t) out of His mercy has made the entire world a masjid for us (with the exception of dirty places), when on a journey, at homes or some place far from any mosque.
Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet also said‘The reward of the prayer offered by a person in congregation is multiplied 25 times as much as that of the salat offered in one’s house or in the market alone. And this is because if he performs wudu and does it perfectly and then proceeds to the mosque, with the sole intention of praying, then for every step he takes towards the mosque he is upgraded one degree in reward and one of his sins is taken off from his accounts. When he offers his salat, the angels keep on asking Allah’s blessings and Allah’s forgiveness for him as long as he is at his Musalla (place of prayer) .They say ‘O Allah! Bestow your blessings upon him; be merciful and kind to him.’ And one is regarded in salat as long as one is waiting for the salat.’ [Bukhari].
Let your entry to the houses of Allah be frequent during the day entering with the right foot and reciting the Dua that we have been recommended which is reported in Ibn Majah and Imam Ahmed…‘Bismillah wassalaam ala Rasool Allah. Allah humaghfir li dhanoobi waftah li abwab rahmaatik’“In the name of Allah and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. Forgive my sins and open for me the gates of Your mercy ”And make the exit as honourable by stepping out with the left foot and reciting….‘Bismillah wassalam ala Rasool Allah. Allah humaghfir li dhanoobi waftah li abwab fadhlik’
“In the name of Allah and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. Forgive my sins and open for me the gates of Your blessings.”